Medical News

Researchers Research the Power Effectivity of Horned Desert Lizards

EU-funded LINABIOFLUID researchers used electron microscopes to check horned desert lizards, which survive in arid situations by amassing dew by way of their pores and skin and flat bark bugs that change colour to cover predators when they’re moist. Cautious inspection has proven that creatures have completely different fluid transport constructions on the micro and nano scale, forming tiny floor patterns that may drive liquids in a selected route with the utmost effectivity.

By reproducing these similar natural patterns on metal, titanium and silicon utilizing precision lasers – a course of referred to as biomimicry – the LINABIOFLUID group was in a position to show vital enhancements in managed fluid transport. Assessments have proven that this biomimetic breakthrough reduces the coefficient of friction by 50% in machine parts, akin to metal shafts lubricated with engine oil, and will allow the manufacturing of rather more strong and environment friendly plain bearings. for a lot of mechanical purposes.

Sooner and extra environment friendly lubrication means much less friction and resistance, diminished power consumption and diminished CO2 emissions, whereas minimizing put on that shortens the lifetime of the machines.

Larger efficiency machines

Working with biologists and laser specialists, the undertaking has developed a brand new radical line of biomimetic expertise. The outcomes might be very helpful for fixing on a regular basis technical issues that would remodel the power effectivity of tens of millions of machines. "

Emmanuel Stratakis, Challenge Coordinator, Basis for Analysis and Know-how, Hellas, Greece

Researchers have additionally recognized medical makes use of, together with laser-made titanium implants, with biomimetic floor microstructures wetted by blood and physique fluids to forestall the proliferation of tissues and cells. This might doubtlessly scale back the unwanted effects of hip alternative surgical procedure or enable the introduction of recent implants within the remedy of heart problems, a discovery now explored within the subsequent CelletFreeImplant undertaking of the FET Innovation Launchpad.

"We’re additionally different methods to make use of these new kinds of biomimetic and nanoscale constructions, for instance in underwater purposes, in cooling excessive energy units, or in separating water and oil, "explains Stratakis. As well as, we examine the surprising discovery of antireflective properties of laser-induced bio-inspired nanostructures. This discovery is underneath patent and might be additional investigated in LABIONICS, a second FET Innovation Launchpad undertaking that follows. "