Research reveals gaps in information concerning the effectiveness of contraception
A brand new examine discovered gaps in information concerning the effectiveness of contraception.
Analysis within the Vietnamese capital, Hanoi, included 4 types of contraception: IUDs, oral contraceptives, male condoms, and weaning.
About half of the ladies within the examine who used condoms mistakenly thought that they have been the best strategy to forestall being pregnant. Condoms are efficient at about 85%.
Solely 31% of contributors appropriately recognized the IUD, a small gadget inserted into the uterus, as the best methodology. Girls who used an IUD have been extra seemingly than different contributors within the examine to appropriately establish their methodology as being simpler than condoms, oral contraception or weaning. IUDs are over 99% efficient.
Analysis highlights the necessity to higher inform girls of the best strategies for stopping undesirable pregnancies, stated the researcher who led the examine, printed on-line this month within the Contraception journal: X.
Worldwide, about half of all pregnancies are involuntary – both these girls by no means need to develop into pregnant, or they don’t need to develop into pregnant at the moment.
How can we remedy this drawback? We should be cautious to offer girls with the knowledge they should forestall these pregnancies. The relative effectiveness of assorted types of contraception is necessary data that needs to be included in contraceptive counseling. "
Maria Gallo, senior creator of the examine and affiliate professor of epidemiology on the Ohio State College
On this examine, Gallo and colleagues interviewed 128 IUD customers, 126 contraceptive drugs customers, and 167 condom customers on their perceptions of various types of contraception.
Researchers requested questions within the examine about efficacy, reversibility (chance of getting pregnant after stopping using the strategy), secret use (chance of utilizing contraceptive methodology freed from associate information) and contraindication or mustn’t use contraception.) Girls have been on common 34 years previous and most have been married.
"This examine suggests that ladies usually tend to imagine that the type of contraception that they select is the best, even when it isn’t the case," Gallo stated.
Along with variations in information concerning the effectiveness of the IUD and condom, researchers discovered that many ladies mistakenly thought that IUD use was inappropriate for some girls, together with those that haven’t been pregnant, and that the capsule and different hormones-based contraception may cause infertility.
Subsequent, Gallo hopes to review the effectiveness of a brief animated video on the effectiveness of contraception to fill these gaps in information.
Gallo, M.F. et al. (2019) Data of the effectiveness of contraception and using strategies in girls in Hanoi, Vietnam. Contraception: X. doi.org/10.1016/j.conx.2019.100009.