Medical News

A part of the mind liable for the transformation of symbols into found letters

The way in which the human mind, complicated and great, transforms the visible cues of a drawing or a picture in language has by no means been totally understood, however a brand new research lasted a very long time

Three British researchers mapped the trail traveled by language from the eyes to an space of ​​the mind known as occipitotemporal cortex ventral, identified to deal with visible data.

[1945]

Letters are processed behind the ventral occipitotemporal cortex, however sounds and meanings are handled in an space additional ahead on this area of the mind. This superior area higher manages summary ideas.

The research, revealed within the Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences on August 19, clearly exhibits the transition of a phrase when it enters the world. eye of the cortex and because it strikes alongside the cortex. It was written by Jo Taylor of College School London, Kathy Rastle of Royal Holloway College of London at Egham and Matthew Davis of Cambridge College.

"We’ve got not moved on to studying," mentioned Taylor. "So, we don’t begin with a little bit of the mind that reads." The mind can even do that as a result of it hyperlinks data to what it is aware of in regards to the spoken language. Lastly, "whenever you see a phrase, you instantly get sound and that means with none effort," mentioned Taylor.

This new research additionally confirmed that studying to learn made elements of the ventral occiputotemporal cortex extra in concord with studying. The cortex does this by transferring different capabilities resembling recognizing objects or by encroaching on areas much less associated to particular capabilities, in accordance with Rastle.

This reorganization may clarify how studying turns into computerized.

"With out we might be like kids studying letter after letter," Rastle added.

The research recruited 24 English-speaking grownup volunteers who had been taught invented phrases written in two unknown and archaic writings. two weeks.

Phrases have been given the that means of widespread names resembling vehicles, for instance. The researchers analyzed volunteers' brains utilizing a purposeful MRI (fMRI) to detect tiny mind lumps within the ventral occiputotemporal cortex turning into lively when contributors discovered the phrases discovered at their time. coaching.

A brand new research from Hong Kong has linked lowered danger of dementia with mental actions resembling studying. Ksenia Makagonova / Unsplash